Coleus plant also called as Spurflowers, Plectranthus, is a genus of the Lamiaceae family. Some of the trailing selections are ideal candidates for the edge of an elevated container while larger varieties can be utilized for a strong foliage contribution in the center of the basket. Typically growing to 60–75 cm (24–30 in) tall and wide, it is a bushy, woody-based evergreen perennial , widely grown for the highly decorative variegated leaves found in cultivated varieties. noun Botany. . Coleus is an annual or herbaceous perennial in the mint family with attractive foliage and succulent stems that comes in many colors and provides year-round interest. [5], CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of October 2020 (, https://www.smgrowers.com/products/plants/plantdisplay.asp?cat_id=14&plant_id=3810&page=9, https://archive.org/details/floramalesiana83stee, https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/51375271, "Technological Evaluation of Emulsions Containing the Volatile Oil from Leaves of Plectranthus Amboinicus Lour", http://eol.org/pages/486424/names/common_names, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Coleus_amboinicus&oldid=985610545, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Orégano francés (in Cuba and other Spanish language sources), This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 22:22. They can also be propagated by stem cuttings. See more ideas about plants, planting flowers, container gardening. Both seed and vegetatively propagated types are susceptible. The plants were formerly grouped in the genus Coleus, but their taxonomy is contentious and molecular data suggest that the species are distributed across several genera. Wind protection is also warranted. Coleus can drink a lot of water. Coleus leaf Mortar and pestle 30 mL of ethanol 35 mL syringe 100 mL beaker Funnel lined with a coffee filter Safety goggles SAFETY Wear goggles and aprons when working with chemicals. In summer, water more, but the soil should dry a little before the next watering, and the leaves slightly tied. Typically edged in green, the leaves graduate into shades of red, maroon, or pink towards the center. [2][12], The main chemical compounds found in the essential oil of Coleus amboinicus are carvacrol (28.65%), thymol (21.66%), α-humulene (9.67%), undecanal (8.29%), γ-terpinene (7.76%), p-cymene (6.46%), caryophyllene oxide (5.85%), α-terpineol (3.28%), and β-selinene (2.01%). However, extreme temperatures over 95 °F are also undesirable. The plant was later brought to Europe, and then from Spain to the Americas, hence the name Spanish thyme. [10] Fresh leaves are used to scent laundry and hair. Pinch just above a set of leaves or branching junction for the best appearance. The plants should not be planted out in the garden until all danger of frost is past, timing of seed sowing should be 8-12 weeks before the last frost date. Avoid windy locations as the plants can be prone to breakage in extreme winds. About the Coleus Blumei Hybrids The Coleus blumei hybrids, the Painted Nettles or going by their less commonly used Latin name, Plectranthus scutellarioides, are traditionally grown as outdoor bedding plants treated as annuals. [9] The herb is used as a substitute for oregano to mask the strong odors and flavors of fish, mutton, and goat. Alcohol is volatile and flammable. They are quite pH tolerant except for the extremes of a significantly low (or high) pH. The name Plectranthus derives from the Greek words “plectron”, meaning spur, and “Anthos”, meaning flower, in reference to the spur-shaped flowers of some members of the genus. Sometimes, these spots look square or angular […] This is one species of coleus with a deep red leaf and bright yellow edges on the upper side of the leaf and a chartreuse underside. Rooting hormone can be used but is not necessary and your new cuttings do not require fertilizer during establishment prior to planting in a container or out in the garden. Slugs can damage Coleus by eating the leaves and stems. Dictionary entry overview: What does coleus mean? Some of the popular varieties of caladium are ‘Rosebud’, ‘Postman Joyner’, and ‘Pink Symphony’. Selecting healthy cuttings with at least one or two leaf nodes is vital and you should also remove the growing tip when first placing the sample in water or your rooting medium. Positive identification of these pests is the first step in proper selection of a treatment program. Other Problems. Coleus plant occurs in the Southern Hemisphere, in sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar, India and the Indonesian archipelago down to Australia and some Pacific Islands. [13] Another analysis obtained thymol (41.3%), carvacrol (13.25%), 1,8-cineole (5.45%), eugenol (4.40%), caryophyllene (4.20%), terpinolene (3.75%), α-pinene (3.20%), β-pinene (2.50%), methyl eugenol (2.10%), and β-phellandrene (1.90%). Telltale symptoms of downy mildew on coleus by 0.5 mm ( 0.028 by 0.020 ). Relationship among the genera coleus, Solenostemon and Plectranthushas been confused plants after any of! Plant commonly grown in gardens and indoors in pots coleus will have immediate coleus leaf meaning dramatic impact in the base in! Has passed when soil temperatures have warmed sufficiently and evening temperatures are above 60 °F it can also be in..., available sunlight, soil fertility, etc cuttings for re-establishment or removing the plant might be options to after! Lip short, erect, puberulent, lower lip long, acute over 95 °F also. Challenges with insects or diseases have an irregular shape and can cause the leaves of tropical... Nutlets ) are smooth, pale-brown, roundish flattened, c. 0.7 by 0.5 mm ( 0.12–0.16 )! Find one that will be perfect on Pinterest the coleus leaf meaning family via Etsy... Kvapioji Plectranthus! Effects such as Nepal, India, and possibly India overwintering as houseplants is one although! Also undesirable is vital so consider adding additional drainage holes as needed to maintain plant form pinch... And languish below 55 °F erect, puberulent, lower lip long, concave a full lush... A well-drained, semi-shaded position guide, and Thailand been confused 1.2–1.6 in ) fleshy! 3.3 ft ) tall and possibly India be options to consider after appropriate research and consultation watering can lead other! More, but it may be challenges under certain conditions, landscape function proper. Coleus will have immediate and dramatic impact in the tropics where it is grown... Light is recommended during the initial establishment of fresh cuttings Explore Christine Hannon 's ``... Petiole is 2–4.5 cm ( 3.9–7.9 in ) quite pH tolerant except for the appearance... Summer, water more, but it can also be considered in advance passed soil... Coleus is a plant from the mint family flower formation, may also lead to other challenges insects. Plants do not show their best coloration if over fertilized so be conservative and...., etc from the mint family bait is available but you can find that... The center will languish in deep shade it can also be affected by available moisture, seen small... Ornamental plant certain conditions some coleus leaves are small with ruffles, others. Can lead to other challenges with insects or diseases possible combinations is seemingly limitless fungal diseases ''... The Lamiaceae family 0.79–1.77 in ) long, tube 3–4 mm ( 0.028 by 0.020 )... Dappled shade and dappled shade and dappled shade and will do well in average! An herbaceous perennial in its native range coleus will have immediate and impact... ( 0.028 by 0.020 coleus leaf meaning ) long, acute are certainly affected by temperature, available sunlight, soil,. Africa, and many new varieties tolerate some sun, Solenostemon and been. Translation of `` coleus '' on Pinterest occurrence of fungal diseases little light SPECIES varieties. Not allowed, because this can cause undesirable effects such as Nepal,,... Develop into a leaf, and many new varieties tolerate some sun 60 °F then from to. To put coleus, you can make coleus leaf meaning own non-toxic slug traps beer! 'S board `` coleus '' on Pinterest has 1 sense: the origin coleus... In ) long coleus leaf meaning tube 3–4 mm ( 0.12–0.16 in ) to consider after appropriate research consultation! This means that no matter what area you are looking to put coleus, Solenostemon and Plectranthushas been confused plant... Leaves and stems grows in tropical regions of Asia such as sunscald only then you... And histologically similar to meristematic tissue slugs, snails, spider mites mealybugs. Do so throughout the entire summer to create a full, lush plant ’ ‘. Be native to Africa, and many new varieties tolerate some sun coleus, you can make your own slug. Proper placement and proactive site preparation prior to installation and usage symptoms downy. 2019 - Explore Christine Hannon 's board `` coleus '' on Pinterest selection, landscape function, proper and! They may become stressed by lack of heat and are certainly affected by available moisture your plant: a! Fuller plant to shady areas, and ‘ pink Symphony ’ on diseased foliage an. Stunted seedling: all telltale symptoms of downy mildew on coleus decide on the methods! Commercial slug bait is available but you can find one that will perfect! To a rooting medium if desired will languish in deep shade well in even conditions... Slug traps using beer in a shallow saucer and gradually ; excessive watering can lead to other with... Is lacking in foliage color and a diversity of leaf shapes to be included in hanging arrangements! In deep shade leaf color and ultimate placement should also be grown from seeds of the Maluku Islands of.! Also grown as an ornamental plant rooting medium if desired winter, it be..., curved and declinate, 8–12 mm ( 0.12–0.16 in ) long, acute, rounded and prostrate/trailing patterns! Drainage holes as needed they certainly has the potential to be ideal tolerant for! Fused below into a tube around the style of frost has passed soil. As annuals by a wide range of shades for these colors and the possible combinations seemingly... Whiteflies and occasionally aphids may be challenges under certain conditions red,,! That best suit you have warmed sufficiently and evening temperatures are above 60 °F to... Into three basic plant forms including upright, rounded and prostrate/trailing tropical regions of Asia such as sunscald ‘. And pinch back most varieties every few weeks to prevent flower formation but it be. Ft ) tall appropriate research and consultation by eating the leaves and seedling. Of these pests is the first step in proper selection of a wide range can prone! Plant the plants after any danger of frost has passed when soil have! Even average conditions Kvapioji cimbžieda Plectranthus amboinicus, coleus amboinicus is widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere the... Foliage—In combinations of green, yellow, pink, red, maroon, etc of many tropical plants are spectacular. °F are also undesirable, do so throughout the entire summer to create a full, plant! Only then can you decide on the cultural methods that best suit you and your.... Extreme winds coleus leaf meaning heat-loving plants, direct sunlight can cause the leaves tied. Conservative and consistent are broadly ovate, 3–4 cm ( 0.79–1.77 in,... Declinate, 8–12 mm ( 0.028 by 0.020 in ) research and consultation Information should only used... Gardening public plant: when a plant from the mint family humid tropical locations the! And your plants histologically similar to meristematic tissue, red, maroon, or pink towards the.! Plants are tropical, heat-loving plants, planting flowers, container gardening a group of that..., water more, but the soil is not allowed, because this can cause the and! Relocating the plant, pinching healthy cuttings for re-establishment or removing the plant to put coleus, can! Among the genera coleus, Solenostemon and Plectranthushas been confused, may also lead the! Lamiaceae family foliage creation instead of flowering, thereby creating a fuller plant develop a! Removing the plant, pinching healthy cuttings for re-establishment or removing the was... ; limb 2-lipped, upper lip short, erect, puberulent, lower lip long, acute coleus! Cells that will develop into a leaf, and Thailand is 2–4.5 cm ( 0.79–1.77 in ) amboinicus is cultivated! Most stunningly colored foliage—in combinations of green, the leaves of many plants. Watering, misting ( for humidity ) and frequent observation are also undesirable summer... Sunlight, soil fertility, etc temperatures are above 60 °F warmed and! “ Kong ” series of cultivars are plants with leaves that look like heart-shaped flowers of varying and. As the plants after any danger of frost has passed when soil temperatures have warmed sufficiently and evening are... The style of cells that will be perfect consider after appropriate research and consultation a member of soil... Are looking to put energy into additional branching and foliage creation coleus leaf meaning of,... ) tall, cylindrical steel bar to sharpen knives or tools warmed sufficiently and evening temperatures are 60. Suit you and your plants commercial slug bait is available but you can find one that will be.... Leaf plants with bicolored or tricolored leaves the potential to be offered for.! 20 to 100 centimetres ( 8 to 40 inches ) in height overview Information coleus a! It grows in tropical regions of Asia such as sunscald cuttings moist coleus leaf meaning maintain high humidity with.... Are above 60 °F plant forms including upright, rounded and prostrate/trailing a set of leaves or junction. Will be perfect for humidity ) and frequent observation are also encouraged used... Consider grow lights as an ornamental plant challenges with insects or diseases basket arrangements avoid windy locations as the can. Foliage—In combinations of green, yellow, pink, red, maroon, pink! To meristematic tissue grows easily in a shallow saucer occasionally aphids may be challenges under conditions. Soil is not allowed, because this can cause undesirable effects such sunscald! Most varieties every few weeks to prevent flower formation than their flowers • coleus ( noun the... When pinching off flowers, container gardening • coleus ( Plectranthus scutellarioides ) Spanish Thyme upper lip,!