Europe. The smallest type of outdoor palms like dwarf palmetto may only reach about 3 feet (1 m) tall. Problem with scale insects. 550, 125-128 DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2001.550.17 All images and text © Industrious, delicate, colourful. VT. Roadsides, forest fragments, abandoned homesteads, riparian forests, areas of habitation. Birds are attracted to the fruit and tend to spread them freely to the point this plant has become weedy and invasive in some areas. 2020 It bears small greenish-white flowers, in loose clusters, during May and June, followed by an abundance of fruits. European Spindle Tree (Euonymus Europaeus) 25 seeds (#208). Spindle-tree is an European species of euonymus with attractive fall color and interesting seed capsules. Euonymus europaeus, commonly called European spindletree, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that is native from Europe to western Asia. Euonymus europaeus - Spindle Tree. to exist in the county by CT, MA, ME, Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Also covers those considered historical (not seen The undersides of the leaves are glabrous, unlike the similar E. atropurpureus, which has leaves with pubescent undersides. - Minden Pictures - (euonymus or euonymu) and (europaeus or europaeu) The tiny whitish-green flowers borne on long stalks and the white seeds surrounded by orange flesh distinguish European spindle-tree from other spindle-trees (Euonymus species). Expand. NH, Go Botany: Native Plant Trust the state. The tallest types of small palms such as spindle palm may reach 20 feet (6 m). The leaves of Euonymus europaeaare simple, opposite, unlobed and finely toothed. This plant has some cultivated varieties. For details, please check with your state. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. A deciduous shrub or small tree from 10 to 25 ft high, forming a spreading, bushy head, often naked towards the ground, not downy in any part. a sighting. EUROPEAN SPINDLE TREE, EUROPEAN EUONYMUS. European spindle tree, Euonymus europaea. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Has fragrant Leaf. Cases of poisoning occur often in children, after ingesting the bright red pods. And also as European spindle and common spindle, is a deciduous shrub or small tree in the family Celastraceae, native to Spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus) Spindle tree on a maple leaf … Family. Distinguishing marks: Division: - angiosperms (Magnoliophyta) (intentionally or Chromolithograph from Carl Lindman's 'Bilder ur Nordens Flora' (Pictures of Northern Flora), Stockholm, Wahlström & Widstrand, 1905. We depend on Shrub/Tree, broadleaf deciduous, broad spreading Height : 1.22m to 2.39m included Origin : Worldwide Environment : forest edges, on deep fertile soil Climate : temperate Notes : The Euonymus genus features several species that grow worldwide, although in most part in the temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere. Common name(s): Spindle – European or Common, Spindle Tree Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Celastraceae Origin: Europe to Turkey, Caucasus More infos: USDA zone 4. Height: 20 feet. The small greenish-white flowers are borne in June in loose cluster in the leaf axils. The fall color is usually just yellow-green to dull yellow, but some can get … Japanese spindle tree Botanical Name. Spindles are robust shrubs, even small trees, reaching a height of up to 6 meters. State documented: documented Spindle (Euonymus europaeus) Spindle. • Deciduous shrub or small tree, 12’ - 30’ tall • Greenish-red twigs, gray-brown older bark. close. Where is it originally from? Discover thousands of New England plants. Initial symptoms appear 12-18 hours after ingestion, and if not treated, end in circulatory failure. Celastraceae (spindle tree) Also known as. These burst open when ripe and release white seeds with an orange coating. Leaves • Opposite, oval-shaped • Finely toothed leaf margins • Dull green • 1 - 3” long • Red autumn foliage. All rights reserved. RI, Much-branched, deciduous shrub or small tree (<6m tall) with smooth, grey bark and young branches that are square, green and smooth. It is often planted as a decorative plant in parks. Habitat. in 20 years). Spindle-tree is so-named because the very hard wood was formerly used to fashion spindles for spinning wool. Also covers Go to list of cultivars. Distribution - Europe Type of poison - glycosides. It is a deciduous shrub or small tree. Native to Europe. Take a photo and ...cream made with spindle extract provides effective protection against ticks. ...the flexible wood was used to make canes? Symptoms are nausea, dizziness, strong stomach pains, vomiting and diarrhea. Minden Pictures is recognized worldwide as the foremost provider of wildlife and nature stock photography for use by publishing and advertising professionals. Best ornamental features are its showy fall fruit and sometimes superb fall leaf color. Other names include fusoria, fusanum, ananbeam, shemshad rasmi (Iran), while it may have given its name to the ancient Greek settlement of Euonymeia. ...due to their glycoside content, oil extracted from spindle seeds was used as an agent to induce vomiting? The plant blooms in May-June, with small yellow-green flowers nestled in the leaves. Spindle is not a particularly well known wood. The rounded form of spindletree is lacklustre until autumn when its pink to red fruits split open to show the orange-covered white seeds and its glossy foliage changes to tones of yellow or red. Lindman (1856-1928) was Professor of Botany at the Swedish Museum of Natural History (Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet). Can you please help us? populations both exist in a county, only native status This is a shrub or a small tree with an irregular crown. Leaf / Flower color - Green / --Plant growth rate - Medium The rounded form of spindletree is lacklustre until autumn when its pink to red fruits split open to show the orange-covered white seeds and its glossy foliage changes to tones of yellow or red. It is found all over Europe in well-lit deciduous forests, and shrub growths along roads. Small Palm Tree Facts. What does it look like? unintentionally); has become naturalized. European spindle tree, common spindle. It bears red pods in the fall, which often attract the attention of children. european spindle tree and common privet a new natural hosts of plum pox virus. European Spindle ( Euonymus sp. ) you. ...charcoal from spindle wood is used in manufacturing painting supplies and gunpowder? Non-native: introduced Facts. European spindle trees typically have no significant disease or insect problems but can contract anthracnose, crown gall, leaf spot, mildew, twig blight, and scale. Tree Characteristics. Basic information: To reuse an Celastraceae (spindle tree) Also known as. The European spindle tree, Euonymus europaea, is a deciduous UK-native tree that is most identifiable by its clusters of white flowers that appear in early summer, transforming into vivid pink fruits with bright orange seeds by the autumn, also the time when the leaves turn a spectacular shade of crimson. Where is it originally from? It was especially effective against lice. This European Spindletree is an upright large shrub or small tree is native to Europe and western Asia. Exact status definitions can vary from state to acta hortic. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Utility friendly tree. Widely adapted plant. Copyright: various copyright holders. Japanese laurel . Maximum height - 6 m 30 pods are a fatal dose for an adult. ...spindle seeds contain an oil that was used in poultices for treating skin ailments cause by parasites, ? Euonymus europaea - image is under CC-BY-SA, from University of Vienna, Institute for Botany - Herbarium WU, Euonymus europaea - image is under CC-BY-NC, from Tamara Horová. Leafsnap is an electronic field guide for tree and plant species in New York City and Washington, DC. Euonymus europaeus. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from September to November. Spindle-tree is so-named because the very hard wood was formerly used to fashion spindles for spinning wool. Euonymus europaeus is a deciduous Shrub growing to 6 m (19ft 8in). 3.  to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Euonymus europaeus It … Additional Common Names. Flowers • Inconspicuous, 0.5” wide • Yellow-green • 4 petal-like parts • Blooms May - June. The tiny whitish-green flowers borne on long stalks and the white seeds surrounded by orange flesh distinguish European spindle-tree from other spindle-trees (Euonymus species ). state. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Buy spindle tree Euonymus europaeus Red Cascade - Fantastic autumn colour and gorgeous berries: 2 litre pot: £19.99 Delivery by Crocus ... A large deciduous shrub, a native of European hedgerows, from which the wood was traditionally used for making spindles. Compact and Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy. native to Europe; hardy to zone 4; is invasive in the United States; Habit and Form ... Summer Foliage. ---Description---The Spindle Tree found in our hedges and copses is a smooth-leaved shrub.The leaves have very short stalks, are opposite in pairs and have minute teeth on the margin. The spindle is at its loveliest in autumn when its leaves turn russet and its pink and orange fruits ripen. Note: when native and non-native Poisonings have even been recorded in carpenters working with spindle wood. The European spindle tree is a little known plant that provides lots of food for birds and insects. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forest edges, shrublands or thickets. 550, 125-128 Acta Hortic. From a shining blue-mid-green (paler on the under-side) they fade in autumn to yellow, russet and crimson. Fruit Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. Marcus Webb/ FLPA / European Spindle (Euonymus europaeus) close-up of leaf, growing in woodland, Vicarage Plantation, Mendlesham, Suffolk, England, September / 80165627 Family. Distinguishing marks: Spindles are robust shrubs, even small trees, reaching a … Hairless, evergreen shrub or small tree (<7 m tall) with much branched stems. All Characteristics, the sepals are fused to each other (not other flower parts), at least near their bases, the base of the leaf blade is attenuate (tapering very gradually to a prolonged tip), the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow. Basic information: Division: - angiosperms (Magnoliophyta) Class - eudicots (Rosopsida) Maximum height - 6 m Distribution - Europe Type of poison - glycosides. The tree can be found throughout woodland areas, and is quite beautiful. Your help is appreciated. Its dull dark green leaves get to about 3.5 inches long by a little over 1 inch wide and is early to leaf out in spring. County documented: documented Euonymus europaeus. Spindle-tree is so-named because the very hard wood was formerly used to fashion spindles for spinning wool. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Class - eudicots (Rosopsida) Euonymus / j uː ˈ ɒ n ɪ m ə s / is a genus of flowering plants in the staff vine family, Celastraceae.Common names vary widely among different species and between different English-speaking countries, but include spindle (or spindle tree), burning-bush, strawberry-bush, wahoo, wintercreeper, or simply euonymus.It comprises about 130 species of deciduous and evergreen … in part by the National Science Foundation. Show While a 20-foot palm tree seems very tall, they are small in comparison to large types of palm trees that grow up to 100 feet (30 m). is shown on the map. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). The growth form is often that of a small tree, or less often a shrub. What does it look like? The pods, red and generally four-chambered, appear in autumn. Euonymus europaeus L. Common Spindle-tree. Found this plant? They have upturned dark green stalked leaves with serrated edges. Rounded or Spreading Shape. European Euonymus, Common Spindle Tree Celastraceae. Euonymus europaeus, the spindle, European spindle, or common spindle, is a species of flowering plant in the family Celastraceae, native to much of Europe, where it inhabits the edges of forest, hedges and gentle slopes, tending to thrive on nutrient-rich, chalky and salt-poor soils. Severe cases can include unconsciousness and kidney failure. Practical info. Wildlife loves its leaves and fruit, and aphids flock to it, bringing with them an array of their predators. Family: Celastraceae. The Go Botany project is supported Images of the European Spindletree (Euonymus europaeus), including photos of the leaf, flower, fruit, seed, petiole, bark, and tree. Up for sale European Spindle Tree Euonymus europaeus 10 Seeds. European spindle - Euonymus europaea. The leaves very from oval to lance-shaped, with a finely toothed margin and a pointed tip. post Has Deciduous foliage. L. E. European spindle-tree. Euonymus japonicus. 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